Developed by Masikhule’s Occupational Therapists these illustrate developmental skills,
various early learning challenges and activity ideas to remediate these specific skills.

#35 Scooping Fish
This fun activity helps to develop eye-hand coordination, fine motor control and colour matching.

#34 Colour Matching
Colour Matching : colour code an old CD with matching pegs to develop colour concept

#33 Fine Motor Warm Up Exercise
Warm up those fingers before fine motor play, drawing and writing.

#32 5-Ways to Improve Core Strength
Core Strength is important for posture, balance, coordination, daily tasks and for play. Encourage core strengthening through everyday play!

#31 Wheelbarrow Walks
Wheelbarrow walks are not only great to improve core strength but also shoulder, wrist and finger muscles.
Note: Only hold at the knees or hips (not the feet).

#30 Animal Outline
An excellent activity using waste to improve eye-hand coordination and pincer grip.

#29 Curling my Hair
Finger movements: bilateral coordination (using both hands), eye-hand coordination and in-hand manipulation are all important fine motor skills to practice and develop in the early years.

#28 Copy Body Patterns
Visual Motor Integration is the ability to copy and is vital for copying shapes, letters, words and numbers – and essential for handwriting. Encourage children to practice copying designs and patterns to improve this skill.

#27 Cut my Nails
Scissor cutting is a fun way to practice fine motor and eye-hand coordination skills. Remind children to keep the thumb on top when using scissors.

#26 Cardboard Box Car
Drive my own car. Children love to play pretend games. Make this car from an old box – encourage the children to decorate their own cars.

#25 Autumn Fun
Experience in drawing is important for learning to write and other benefits include development of the following skills:
Eye-hand coordination, self-confidence, fine and gross muscle development, problem solving, observation.

#24 Development of Pencil Grip
Pencil Grip: Remember fingers need to grow strong in order to hold a pencil correctly. Practice a variety of activities to build finger strength every day.

#23 Pencil Grip

#22 Learning about Direction
Direction is an important part of body awareness, position in space, early reading, writing and mathematics.

#21 Development of Scissor Skills

#20 Cutting My Hair
Cutting Skills: A fun activity to practice cutting with scissors. Take note of the development of cutting skills and scissor holding tips.

#19 Number Roof Game
Match numbers and dots to improve number recognition, number formation and counting skills.

#18 Feely Bag Fun
“Feely Bag” is a fun activity to stimulate the sense of touch. Add a variety of objects or shapes for the child to feel and discover.

#17 Star Ornaments

#16 Benefits of Colouring-in
Colouring-in activities have so many benefits for girls and boys. Besides eye-hand coordination and pencil control, it also promotes concentration and relaxation.

#15 Fine Motor Activity Using Elastic Bands
FINE MOTOR SKILLS involve the use of the small muscles that control the hand, fingers, and thumb. They help children perform important tasks like feeding themselves, grasping toys, buttoning and zipping clothes, writing, drawing, and more.


#14 Scissor-Holding Skills

#13 Development of Scissor Skills
 SCISSOR SKILLS A reminder of how and when children learn to cut with scissors. Remember this tip to teach children to hold the scissors correctly…..✂️

#13 Playdough Recipe

#12 Pencil Grip
 Before children can hold their pencils/crayons correctly, they need to develop the strength and coordination of their hand and finger muscles. Playing with playdough is perfect for this.

#11 Development of Pencil Grip
PENCIL GRIP : It is important to know what to expect from children in terms of how they hold their pencils. Here is a good guideline. Remember children need to develop strong hand and finger muscles before they can hold and control a pencil for writing and drawing.

#10 Activity to Improve Bilateral Coordination

#9 Cross Crawl Exercise for Midline Crossing
Using both sides of the body (bilateral coordination) AND crossing over the midline are important for balance, coordination, writing and reading!
Practice. Practice. Practice

#8 READ Tips for parents

#7 Visual Discrimination
The best way to teach Basic Concepts is through repetition throughout the day, using all of the senses. Here is a great colour -sorting activity working on finger strength too.

#6 Basic Concepts
Remember that learning Basic Concepts lays the foundation for ALL learning. Start young!

#5 Cutting Play Dough

#4 Trick
Here’s a great way to practice scissor skills, along with a tip on how to prevent “flying arms”!

#3 How to Practice Cutting 𝗦𝗸𝗶𝗹𝗹𝘀
✂️Learning to cut with Scissors is important for the development of eye-hand coordination, using 2 hands together, fine motor strength and concentration. Take note of what to expect at each age✂️

#2 Development of 𝗦𝗰𝗶𝘀𝘀𝗼𝗿 𝗦𝗸𝗶𝗹𝗹𝘀

#1 Posture: Avoid W-Sitting
POSTURE: Please take note of those children who W-Sit whilst playing.  Encourage them to rather sit cross-legged or legs to the side. This will avoid hip and knee problems.


#24 Shape Feely Games
Feel the shape is fun guessing game relying on touch to identify shapes and patterns. Ask the children to take turns outlining the shapes and identifying them.

#23 Ball Play
Ball Skills Children love to play with balls – throwing, catching, rolling, kicking. So important for coordination, balance and concentration!

#22 Water Play with Spray Bottles
Hand & finger strength: The pincer grasp is an important fine-motor milestone and squirt bottles are great fun for improving this. Children use their pincer grasp to pick things up and feed themselves, and it lays the foundation for a good pencil grip when they start school.

#21 Core Body Strength
CORE BODY STRENGTH is important for children so that they can play and learn. Building a strong core is like building a strong foundation for a child. Be sure to practice through movement every day..

#20 Pencil Grip Activity
PENCIL GRIP ACTIVITY: a great way to strengthen hands and fingers. Encourage children to squeeze the ball between the thumb and fingers to play.

#19 Visual Motor Integration – VMI
VISUAL MOTOR INTEGRATION: This is the ability to copy what one sees and is VERY important for writing and drawing skills. Make sure you give your children many opportunities to copy/draw block designs, peg board designs and shape designs.

#18 Gross Motor Skills
It is important for children to develop the large muscles of their bodies. It helps with balance, coordination and posture and forms the foundation for fine motor skill development. Let’s get moving ⛹🏾‍♀️🤸🏾‍♀️⛹🏿‍♂️🤸🏿‍♂️.

#17 Dressing Skills
DRESSING SKILLS: so much more than just dressing! Teaches fine motor coordination, motor planning, using 2 sides of the body, body awareness, crossing the Midline and much much more! So make sure you encourage self dressing.

#16 Body Awareness
Body Awareness: This is so important to help children learn to plan movement and coordinate their body parts through space and around objects in their environment. Children with poor Body Awareness often appear uncoordinated or clumsy. Here are a few fun games and exercises to improve this!

#15 Crossing the Midline
Crossing the midline (of the body) is an important skill to practice to ensure the 2 sides of the brain and body work well together.

#14 Visual Memory and Remembering in a Specific Order
Memory is so important for ALL learning. Practice and do memory games throughout the day

#13 Sequencing
SEQUENCING: Such an important skill for children to practice. Bring sequencing into every day routines, telling stories and activities..

#12 Visual Form Constancy
Form Constancy: the ability to ‘see’ a form/shape even if it’s bigger, turned around, in 3D, etc. So a circle = ball = round plate = coin = ring.

#11 Visual Perception
Figure-ground discrimination is a vital skill for reading – in particular – the ability to find, follow, track, focus. Practice and play with Puzzles and games like ‘I Spy’, Find the Object, etc.

#10 Visual Discrimination​
Ability to match and sort, Same and Different

#9 Visual Discrimination
Visual discrimination is especially important when developing early, writing and maths skills.


#8 Reading and storytelling with children


#7 Spatial Concepts


#6 Teaching Sizes


#5 What are the Basic Concepts
It is important for children to have a good understanding of different concepts as it assists in their ability to follow instructions and be specific in what they are talking about.


#4 Scissor Skills
Scissor skills: take note of the tips – both thumbs (holding scissors and the paper) must be on top and visible. ​

#3 Posture: Sitting Posture
POSTURE: The correct sitting position and how to correct posture.
Sitting with poor posture can put stress on a child’s muscles, joints and ligaments.
Remember to work on all the muscles needed for posture – gross motor, balance and animal walks.

#2 Posture: Animal Walks
POSTURE: Animal walks are the perfect fun exercises to improve posture, balance, coordination and hand strength 🦀🐇🐘🐛🐸

#1 Posture: Good Posture
GOOD POSTURE – neck, back, hips, tummy, shoulders – all working together.

Masikhule makes a positive contribution to the upliftment of communities through skills training, mentorship and capacity building in the field of Early Childhood Development.

The name Masikhule means
‘Let us Grow’ in isiXhosa.
NPO no: 050-955 | PBO no: 930025514

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