OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY FOR ECD

MASIKHULE ACTIVITY LIBRARY

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY FOR ECD

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY FOR ECD

Developed by Masikhule’s Occupational Therapists these instructional videos illustrate developmental skills,
various early learning challenges and activity ideas to remediate these specific skills.

#10 Activity to Improve Bilateral Coordination

#9 Cross Crawl Exercise for Midline Crossing
Using both sides of the body (bilateral coordination) AND crossing over the midline are important for balance, coordination, writing and reading!
Practice. Practice. Practice

#8 READ Tips for parents

#7 Visual Discrimination
The best way to teach Basic Concepts is through repetition throughout the day, using all of the senses. Here is a great colour -sorting activity working on finger strength too.

#6 Basic Concepts
Remember that learning Basic Concepts lays the foundation for ALL learning. Start young!

#5 Cutting Play Dough

#4 Trick
Here’s a great way to practice scissor skills, along with a tip on how to prevent “flying arms”!

#3 How to Practice Cutting ๐—ฆ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐˜€
โœ‚๏ธLearning to cut with Scissors is important for the development of eye-hand coordination, using 2 hands together, fine motor strength and concentration. Take note of what to expect at each ageโœ‚๏ธ

#2 Development of ๐—ฆ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ผ๐—ฟ ๐—ฆ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—น๐—น๐˜€

#1 Posture: Avoid W-Sitting
POSTURE: Please take note of those children who W-Sit whilst playing.ย  Encourage them to rather sit cross-legged or legs to the side. This will avoid hip and knee problems.

VIDEOS

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#19 Visual Motor Integration – VMI
VISUAL MOTOR INTEGRATION: This is the ability to copy what one sees and is VERY important for writing and drawing skills. Make sure you give your children many opportunities to copy/draw block designs, peg board designs and shape designs.

#18 Gross Motor Skills
It is important for children to develop the large muscles of their bodies. It helps with balance, coordination and posture and forms the foundation for fine motor skill development. Let’s get moving โ›น๐Ÿพโ€โ™€๏ธ๐Ÿคธ๐Ÿพโ€โ™€๏ธโ›น๐Ÿฟโ€โ™‚๏ธ๐Ÿคธ๐Ÿฟโ€โ™‚๏ธ.

#17 Dressing Skills
DRESSING SKILLS: so much more than just dressing! Teaches fine motor coordination, motor planning, using 2 sides of the body, body awareness, crossing the Midline and much much more! So make sure you encourage self dressing.

#16 Body Awareness
Body Awareness: This is so important to help children learn to plan movement and coordinate their body parts through space and around objects in their environment. Children with poor Body Awareness often appear uncoordinated or clumsy. Here are a few fun games and exercises to improve this!

#15 Crossing the Midline
Crossing the midline (of the body) is an important skill to practice to ensure the 2 sides of the brain and body work well together.

#14 Visual Memory and Remembering in a Specific Order
Memory is so important for ALL learning. Practice and do memory games throughout the day

#13 Sequencing
SEQUENCING: Such an important skill for children to practice. Bring sequencing into every day routines, telling stories and activities..

#12 Visual Form Constancy
Form Constancy: the ability to ‘see’ a form/shape even if it’s bigger, turned around, in 3D, etc. So a circle = ball = round plate = coin = ring.

#11 Visual Perception
Figure-ground discrimination is a vital skill for reading – in particular – the ability to find, follow, track, focus. Practice and play with Puzzles and games like ‘I Spy’, Find the Object, etc.

#10 Visual Discriminationโ€‹
Ability to match and sort, Same and Different

#9 Visual Discrimination
Visual discrimination is especially important when developing early, writing and maths skills.

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#8 Reading and storytelling with children

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#7 Spatial Concepts

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#6 Teaching Sizes

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#5 What are the Basic Concepts
It is important for children to have a good understanding of different concepts as it assists in their ability to follow instructions and be specific in what they are talking about.

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#4 Scissor Skills
Scissor skills: take note of the tips – both thumbs (holding scissors and the paper) must be on top and visible. โ€‹

#3 Posture: Sitting Posture
POSTURE: The correct sitting position and how to correct posture.
Sitting with poor posture can put stress on a child’s muscles, joints and ligaments.
Remember to work on all the muscles needed for posture – gross motor, balance and animal walks.

#2 Posture: Animal Walks
POSTURE: Animal walks are the perfect fun exercises to improve posture, balance, coordination and hand strength ๐Ÿฆ€๐Ÿ‡๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ›๐Ÿธ

#1 Posture: Good Posture
GOOD POSTURE – neck, back, hips, tummy, shoulders – all working together.

Masikhule makes a positive contribution to the upliftment of communities through skills training, mentorship and capacity building in the field of Early Childhood Development.

The name Masikhule means
โ€˜Let us Growโ€™ in isiXhosa.
NPO no: 050-955 | PBO no: 930025514

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